DFI Journal - The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute

Volume 9, Issue 2, January 2015

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Response of a drilled shaft foundation constructed in a redrilled shaft excavation following collapse

Morgan L. Race and Richard A. Coffman


Two drilled shaft foundations (DSFs) of equal size (1?2 mdiameter) were installed at the Turrell Arkansas Test Site (TATS). The soil stratigraphy at the TATS consisted of 6?1 mof clay underlain by 3?0 mof silt underlain by sand. After drilling the excavation for the North 1?2 m DSF, the silty soil collapsed from the sidewall of the excavation into the bottom of the excavation. Following the collapse, the excavation was redrilled and the construction of the DSF was completed. The measured capacity, unit side resistance, and end bearing resistance of the South 1?2 m diameter DSF were predicted by using software programs and mean values of soil data. The measured response of the North 1?2 m diameter DSF was backward modeled to determine the appropriate strength and stress reduction. Based on the measured data for this site, a 10 percent reduction in unit weight within the silt layer and a modification of the soil properties within the top 3-0 m of the sand layer produced predicted responses that matched the measured responses.