DFI Journal - The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute

Volume 6, Issue 1, January 2012

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Jet Grouting and Safety of Tuttle Creek Dam

Timothy D. Stark, Paul J. Axtell, Francke C. Walberg, John C. Dillon, Glen M. Bellew, and David L. Mathews


Jet grouting has increasingly become a ground improvement technology used to address seepage concerns and provide strength improvement to soils underlying dams. The technique of jet grouting uses high pressure/volume jet fluids to erode existing soil, evacuate some or most of the soil, and mix the remaining cuttings with cement slurry to form soilcrete. While considered a useful technology, this paper discusses some of the problems that can develop while jet grouting in or below a dam with an operational reservoir and seepage condition. Jet grouting experience at Tuttle Creek Dam indicates concerns with respect to ground fracture; spoil return, column diameter consistency, and homogeneity of resulting soilcrete. Recommendations are presented to increase monitoring of downhole parameters during jet grouting to better understand the downhole pressures and soil response during jet grouting.

Jet grout, fracture, liquefaction, dam safety