Volume 13, Issue 2, January 2019
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Prediction, Testing, and Analysis of a 50 m Long Pile in Soft Marine Clay
Article Type: Case Study
Fellenius, B. H., Edvardsson, F., Pettersson, J., Sabattini, M. & Wallgren, J.
On April 4, 2018, 209 days after driving, a static loading test was performed on a 50 m long, strain-gage instrumented, square 275-mm diameter, precast, shaft-bearing (“floating”) pile in Göteborg, Sweden. The soil profile consisted of a 90 m thick, soft, postglacial, marine clay. The groundwater table was at about 1.0 m depth. The undrained shear strength was about 20 kPa at 10 m depth and increased linearly to about 80 kPa at 55m depth. The load-distribution at the peak load correlated to an average effective stress beta-coefficient of 0.19 along the pile or, alternatively, a unit shaft shear resistance of 15 kPa at 10 m depth increasing to about 65 kPa at 50 m depth, indicating an α-coefficient of about 0.80. Prior to the test, geotechnical engineers around the world were invited to predict the load-movement curve to be established in the test—22 predictions from 10 countries were received. The predictions of pile stiffness, and pile head displacement showed considerable scatter, however. Predicted peak loads ranged from 65% to 200% of the actual 1,800-kN peak-load, and 35% to 300% of the load at 22-mm movement.
static loading test, precast concrete pile, strain-gage instrumentation, axial stiffness, stress-dependent and stress-independent shaft resistance