DFI Journal - The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute

Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2011
DOI: 10.1179/dfi.2011.006

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Simplified Settlement Model for a Shallow Foundation on Composite Ground With Rigid Piles
Article Type: Technical Note

Siegel, T. C.


A piled raft refers to a shallow foundation that is structurally connected to the piles, while composite ground refers to a soil-pile matrix where the piles are not structurally connected. The design objectives for both a piled raft and composite ground are (excluding special considerations such as expansive soil): (1) to provide a sufficient ultimate resistance and (2) to distribute the load into the soil-pile matrix so that the settlement experienced by the shallow foundation is within tolerable limits. A simplified model is proposed for a shallow foundation on composite ground where the foundation settlement is estimated as the sum of the downward movement of the piles plus the downward movement of the shallow foundation relative to the pile head. The proposed simplified model is applied using conventional geotechnical analyses for two hypothetical examples of shallow foundations undergoing compression settlement.

composite ground, settlement