DFI Journal - The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute

Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2008
DOI: 10.1179/dfi.2008.001

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Construction of Large Drilled Shafts
Article Type: Award Paper

Brown, D. A.

Abstract


Improvements in construction equipment and techniques in recent years have made possible the use of drilled shaft foundations in diameters and lengths not previously considered practical or feasible. Many highway bridge and other structures are now routinely founded on drilled shafts which are 2.5 m to 3.0 m (8 to 12 feet) in diameter and extending over 60 m (200 feet) in depth below grade. There are unique challenges associated with constructing such large and deep cast-in-place foundations and engineers should be aware of the special needs associated with site investigation, construction specifications, material requirements, and quality assurance. This paper outlines a number of special considerations for these foundations, along with strategies that may be employed to improve the reliability and quality of large drilled shaft foundations.

Keywords:
large diameter drilled shafts, constructability, high performance materials